The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha


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Bibliography

Overview of the Court 4. Basic Documents 4.

Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations

Case Law 4. Overview of the Court 6.


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Basic Documents 6. Case Law 6. Selected Topics 9. Educational Resources, Resource Guides, and Bibliographies 1. Introduction Despite vows of "never again" in the aftermath of the Holocaust, late twentieth century history was marked by a series of brutal conflicts that resulted in war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and other serious crimes.

by Jones, Nicholas

Several international tribunals were established with the goal of prosecuting individuals who committed these crimes. The guide begins with a chart comparing key features of these three courts. The guide then examines each court individually, as well as the Mechanism for the International Criminal Tribunals, providing an overview of the court, the court's basic documents, case law sources, and a listing of additional print and online sources for that individual court. A list of online and print resources that deal with multiple international criminal tribunals follows.

Next, there is an overview of selected topics. Finally, the last section covers educational resources, other research guides, and bibliographies. The ICTY was authorized to prosecute persons responsible for grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws of war, genocide, and crimes against humanity committed on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since Case Law Overall, the ICTY indicted individuals, sentenced 83 including at least 20 plea bargains , and acquitted Thirteen individuals 8 cases were referred to national jurisdictions for prosecution.

He was indicted for crimes in Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The tribunal did not reach a verdict in his case. His trial went from May through December, He was accused of implementing the Srebrenica massacre that claimed the lives of over 8, Muslim men and boys.

Closing arguments were held in Dec. WestlawNext , subscription database requiring a password , has coverage of ICTY judgments, decisions, orders, indictments, transcripts, and press releases since This includes indictments, orders, decisions and judgments. This set runs approximately ten years behind. Global War Crimes Tribunal Collection Nijmegen, the Netherlands: Global Law Association, this commercial source includes trial transcripts, selected full-text judgments, and other materials.

Gideon Boas and William A. Schabas eds. Serge Brammertz and Michelle Jarvis, eds.

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Twenty Years After the Genocide: Accountability and its Effects on the Rwandan Rule of Law

Janine N. James Gow et al. Michael J. On 14 March , the French criminal court convicted Mr Pascal Simbikangwa of genocide and complicity in crimes against humanity and, in , Belgium is expected to begin trials against seven genocide suspects. In Rwanda, between and , gacaca courts, made up of non-professional judges, have pursued an estimated two million accused of crimes linked to the genocide.

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To mediate conflicts, a b unzi , a hybrid form of justice, combined traditional with modern methods of resolution. However, further research will have to be done into the commitment to the rule of law in Rwanda by an exploration of the actual conduct of justice-seekers in all three forums. Given the closing of the ICTR, it is important to advance its lessons and its outreach program with the capacity-building legacy, including workshops, training and the dissemination of public information.

Amongst the important tasks are the recognition of all Rwandan rape victims and the Moreover, solutions will have to be found for relocation of acquitted defendants also a recurring problem for the ICC, as the interim release of Mr Bemba Gombo or acquittal of Mr Ngudjolo Chui demonstrate. In time, we will also be able to assess the consequences of Security Council Resolution of , which up to today resulted in ten cases being transferred to national jurisdictions.

In this same year, Mr Deogratias Mushayidi, president of the opposing PDP party, has been sentenced to life for similar charges. It is true that the revisions include a more precise definition of the offense and the requirement to demonstrate intent behind the crime, thereby reducing the scope for abusive prosecutions. Potential sentences were also lowered from 25 to 9 years.

Second, any evaluation of the rule of law in Rwanda has to take into consideration the regional context. The M23, which President Kagame allegedly supported and which surrendered on 5 November , allegedly committed many war crimes, including summary executions, rapes and forced recruitment of children. He was flown to The Hague, where he now faces charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the ICC.

The DRC is now reported to be introducing accountability measures for international crimes. Hopefully, this action will, in turn, have a positive spill-over effect into Rwanda and other neighboring countries as well as prompting the international community into preventing of genocide in the region. As Lt. Dallaire stresses in his own reflections on the current situation, there is no lack of warning signs, such as the high number of child soldiers especially in South Sudan and the Central African Republic.

The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha
The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha The Courts of Genocide: Politics and the Rule of Law in Rwanda and Arusha

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